Transfer WordPress to Amazon EC2

After rather successful year of using WordPress, I have decided to move my blog to AWS. I was considering the move for long time, motivated by Free Tier and finally I found some time to do it.

At first, I have created WordPress Stack using CloudFormation, but personally I prefer Ubuntu over Amazon Linux and I will focus on configuration of Ubuntu EC2 instance here.

  1. Export your existing blog
    WP-Admin > Tools > Export

  2. Login to AWS console and Create Key Pair
  3. Launch EC2 instance
    I use Ubuntu HVM. I recommend t2.micro, as it’s free for the first year. You should specify created/uploaded key.

  4. Login to your EC2 instance using Public DNS or IP and your key
    ssh -i .aws/your_key.pem

    NOTE: you key should be readable only by you. To achieve that, you can do:

    chmod 600 .aws/your_key.pem
  5. Configure Ubuntu
    sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade
    sudo apt-get install apache2 php5 php5-mysql libapache2-mod-php5 libapache2-mod-auth-mysql mysql-server
  6. Configure MySQL
    sudo mysql_secure_installation
    mysql -uroot -p
    CREATE DATABASE wordpress;
    GRANT ALL ON wordpress.* TO 'wordpress';
  7. Configure wordpress
    sudo -i
    cd /var/www/html/
    tar xpfz latest.tar.gz
    rm latest.tar.gz
    cd wordpress/
    mv wp-config-sample.php wp-config.php
    sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html
    # edit wp-config.php
    define('DB_NAME', 'wordpress');
    define('DB_USER', 'wordpress');
    define('DB_PASSWORD', 'SOMEPASS');
    define('DB_HOST', 'localhost');
  8. Configure Apache
    # edit /etc/apache2/sites-available/wordpress.conf
    ServerAlias YOURDOMAIN.COM
    DocumentRoot /var/www/html/wordpress
    DirectoryIndex index.php
    AllowOverride All
    Order Deny,Allow
    Allow from all
    # enable wordpress in apache2
    sudo a2ensite wordpress
    sudo service apache2 restart
  9. Enable HTTP access to your EC2 instance
    Go to EC2 console > Instances > Select you instance > Description >
    Click on your `Security group` > Select Inbound > Edit > Add rule > HTTP > Save

  10. Point your webrowser to your EC2 instance:
  11. Setup your wordpress account
  12. Upload dumped wordpress data
    WP-Admin > Tools > Import > WordPress > > Upload file import
    You will need to install WordPress Importer plugin.

  13. Assign post to correct user.
    Don’t forget to Import Attachments!

  14. Install your favourite plugins and themes
    As for plugins, I strongly recommend: JetPack, SyntaxHighlighter Evolved, Google Analytics Dashboard for WP and BackUpWordPress or ajax-load-more.

  15. Add favicon
    Copy selected favicon.ico to /var/www/html/wordpress

BTW: You may want to increase security of your instance and setup swap just in case memory usage exceeds your EC2 instance size.

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