Changing MAC address of USB LAN adapter permamently

It’s been long time since the last post… But time came that I’ve faced serious problem when trying to change MAC address of my USB LAN adapter.

As recommended by numerous pages found by googling change MAC address Linux, I’ve tried ifconfig eth0 hw ether NEWMAC and macchanger. It changed MAC of my devices (as seen in ifconfig output), yet after plugging the LAN cable, the MAC was automatically restored to permanent one.

At first, I thought it’s the fault of NetworkManager, so I’ve stopped it. But the problem still persisted. After some tinkering, I’ve realised, the MAC can be specified also in NetworkManager alone by adding to /etc/NetworkManager/NetworkManager.conf two lines:


and restarting NetworkManager

sudo service network-manager restart

Note, when I’ve changed MAC in NetworkManager using GUI, the permanent MAC was also restored upon LAN cable connection.

Hope this helps someone having similar problem with USB LAN adapter.

VLC subtitles downloading (VLSub) doesn’t work / hangs

For some weeks already, I’ve been annoyed by not working VLSub extension of VLC. It simply hangs during downloading the subtitles. Apparently, this is associated with changes in remote access. Today, I’ve found simple solution for this issue:

  • Update VLC
  • sudo add-apt-repository ppa:videolan/master-daily
    sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade -y
  • Replace HTTP/1.1 with HTTP/1.0 in /usr/lib/vlc/lua/extensions/VLSub.luac
  • sudo sed -i.bak 's\HTTP/1.1\HTTP/1.0\g' /usr/lib/vlc/lua/extensions/VLSub.luac
  • Restart VLC and enjoy!

Solution found on VideoLan forum.

Copy data from Android phone with broken screen

The screen of the phone broke and you want to retrieve your contacts / files… Quite typical story. While getting your photos / files is quite trivial, plugging your phone to computer and copying necessary files would be enough.
The situation with getting out your contacts (if you happened not to sync them with Google) is slightly more complicated. Here is what I did in the case of Samsung S4 mini with broken screen. Note, the digitizer (touch screen) worked, but the USB debugging was OFF. Also, S4 mini has no video output. If your phone happens to have HDMI or MDL, just get the cable and plug it to your TV / monitor 😉

  1. Enable USB debugging
  2. This is hard part and can be done only manually! But it’s quite complicated with broken screen. You need to repeat 3 steps until you reach what you want: make a screenshot (HOME + POWER button in S4 mini), see what’s on the screen (navigate to you Phone storage > Pictures > Screenshots), do some action and repeat… This is extremely tedious, but proved to work with me.
    In Android 4.4 which my phone had, you need to enter Settings > About, scroll down and press many times (~7 should work) Build Number. This will enable `Developer options` in Settings. You need to enter it and tick `USB Debugging` and press OK (here I needed to rotate the screen, as the right side of my digitizer didn’t work…).
    I recommend clicking `Revoke access` and OK, as my computer couldn’t connect till I pressed it.
    Then unplug the mobile phone and plug it again. New dialog asking for permission to access for your computer will appear on the screen. You should tick `Always allow access` and OK. From now on, the access through ADB is possible. You can check it with:

    # install ADB
    sudo apt-get install android-tools-adb
    # connect
    adb devices
    adb shell

    Note, if your digitizer is working only partially (my case), it’s usefull to enable autorotation first.

  3. Screencast Android to computer monitor
  4. # install seversquare
    sudo apt-get install qt4-qmake libqt4-dev libqtcore4 libqtgui4
    git clone
    cd sevensquare
    # for Ubuntu 16.04 replace 5th line of Makefile with 
    	(cd build && qmake-qt4 -o Makefile ../
    # compile
    # and run
    build/seven-square &

    Now, you should see the mobile screen and be able to interact with it your mouse & keyboard. Now exporting contacts should be trivial, right?

I have tried to dump userdata partition, but on original system version there is no root access and getting one would erase the data…

Let me know if there is any simpler solution!

Kindle touch with ssh to wi-fi enabled

Lately, I’ve spent quite a lot of time playing with my Kindle. The motivation was mostly its sloppiness – after having it for 1.5 year, my Kindle became very slow and unresponsive… I decided to factory reset it. And while doing it, I’ve checked if I maybe the jailbreak of newer firmware is possible (last time I’ve checked over a year ago it wasn’t).
To my big joy, I found these days it’s fairly easy to jailbreak any kindle by downgrading it’s firmware.
But this isn’t the focus of this post. Here I would like to share my experience with enabling ssh access to my Kindle. Why anyone would do that? Kindle is ARM-processor powered computer with Linux installed. So having SSH access, you can setup your Kindle to do lots of useful stuff. But about that, I’ll write in the next posts 😉
Here is how to proceed:

  1. Jailbreak your Kindle
  2. Install KUAL & Mobileread Package Installer (MrPI)
  3. Install USBNetwork Hack
  4. Create new user account in Kindle for SSH access
  5. # get dev name from udev
    dmesg | grep usb0
    # bind
    sudo ifconfig enp0s20u8
    # telnet
    # mount root with write access
    mntroot rw
    # create new user
    mkdir -p /home
    adduser USER
    # make it root by changing USERID to 0 in <code>/etc/passwd</code> ie. 
  6. Start sshd and enable port 22 for SSH temporarily
  7. This is only to check if SSH is possible. So far we didn’t make any serious changes 😉

    /mnt/us/usbnet/sbin/sshd -f /mnt/us/usbnet/etc/sshd_config
    iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT

    Now try to login to your Kindle by SSH. You can find its IP by executing ifconfig. Proceed only if SSH works for you.

  8. Enable port 22 for SSH
  9. # add below line to <code>/etc/sysconfig/iptables</code> to enable SSH access
    -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
  10. Add sshd to upstart
  11. Create new file /etc/upstart/sshd.conf

    # ssh - OpenBSD Secure Shell server
    # The OpenSSH server provides secure shell access to the system.
    env LOGFILE=/tmp/ssh.log
    description     "OpenSSH server"
    start on dbus_ready
    stop on stopping dbus
    respawn limit 2 5
    umask 022
    pre-start script
        test -x /usr/sbin/sshd || { stop; exit 0; }
        test -e /etc/ssh/sshd_not_to_be_run && { stop; exit 0; }
        test -c /dev/null || { stop; exit 0; }
    end script
        # if you used to set SSHD_OPTS in /etc/default/ssh, you can change the
        # 'exec' line here instead
        echo `date` "Starting sshd..." >> $LOGFILE 2>&1
        /mnt/us/usbnet/sbin/sshd -f /mnt/us/usbnet/etc/sshd_config >> $LOGFILE 2>&1
    end script
  12. Disable auto updates
  13. mv /etc/uks /etc/uks.disabled

Now SSH should work after Kindle reboot 🙂


Create Windows USB stick under Ubuntu

Today, I needed to create Windows 10 USB key in order to install it in the laptop. I found it not so straightforward under Ubuntu… But quickly I found a simple solution, WinUSB.

# install WinUSB
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nilarimogard/webupd8 && sudo apt update && sudo apt install winusb

# without USB formatting
sudo winusb --install Win10.iso /dev/sdd

# with USB formatting - this didn't work for me, due to boot loaded installation fauilure
sudo winusb --format Win10.iso /dev/sdd

Source: webupd8.

Mount USB drive in RPi2

By default, RPi2 limits power supply of USB ports to 0.6A, while most USB drives require more than that. This is why most USB drives cannot be used with RPi2 without external power supply to RPi2. Luckily, given that you have decent power supply (ie I have 2A charger), you can increase USB port max current, by editing `/boot/config.txt`.

IMPORTANT!!! RPi2 allows max 1.2A current through all 4 USB ports combined, so don’t even think about plugging two USB drives!!! This is because the maximum power allowed into the RPi2 is limited to 2A by the fuse (F1) so if one of your USB device draw 1A, then that leaves 1A for the RPi + GPIO + remaining USB devices.

First, check if your drive can be detected without tweaking

sudo blkid

If you see only mmcblk0 entries, this means that your drive is not recognised.

/dev/mmcblk0p1: ...
/dev/mmcblk0p2: ...
/dev/mmcblk0: PTUUID="d2fd971c" PTTYPE="dos"

Add max_usb_current=1 to /boot/config.txt:

Reboot and check if your USB drive is visible after restart:

sudo reboot
sudo blkid

Now, you should see new entry:

/dev/mmcblk0p1: ...
/dev/mmcblk0p2: ...
/dev/mmcblk0: PTUUID="d2fd971c" PTTYPE="dos"
/dev/sda1: LABEL="turo"...

And you should be able to mount it:

sudo mkdir -p /media/turo
sudo mount /dev/sda1 /media/turo

Inspired by and

Raspberry Pi2 with Ubuntu Sever and Drupal?

I decided to celebrate 25th B-day of Linux by putting the latest Ubuntu 16.04 on my Raspberry Pi 2 and setting up a webserver.
This is how I did it:

  1. First, get Ubuntu armf image and prepare memory card
  2. # get image
    # make sure your SD card is on sdb ie by df -h
    xzcat ubuntu-16.04-preinstalled-server-armhf+raspi2.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdb
  3. Configure new user & setup Drupal8 webserver
  4. # create new user & change hostname
    sudo adduser USERNAME && sudo usermod -a -G sudo USERNAME
    # edit /etc/hostname and add ` newHostname` to /etc/hosts
    sudo reboot
    # generate locales
    sudo locale-gen en_US.UTF-8
    sudo dpkg-reconfigure locales
    # install software
    sudo apt install htop apache2 mysql-server libapache2-mod-php php-mysql php-sqlite3 php-curl php-xml php-gd git sqlite3 emacs-nox

My first impressions?
sudo apt is veeery slow. At first, I thought it’s due to old SD card I’ve been using, but it’s also true for newer SD card.
Some packages are missing (ie. git-lfs), but you can get them using some workarounds.

But everything just works!
You can check the mirror of running on RPi2 here.
Maybe it’s not speed devil, but it stable and uses almost no energy 🙂


Inspired by Ubuntu’s Insights.

Installation of git-lfs on Ubuntu RPi2 (armf)

Unfortunately, the standard way to install git-lfs doesn’t work on RPi2. But there is simple workaround:

# install go
sudo apt-get install golang
# you may want to grab a coffee at this stage... 😉 

# get git-lfs from github
sudo -i
mkdir /root/gocode
export GOPATH=/root/gocode
go get
cp gocode/bin/git-lfs /usr/bin

Reducing the size of large git repository

The github repository of #NGSchool website has grown to over 5GB. I wanted to reduce the size & simplify this repository, but this task turned out to quite complicated. Instead, I have decided to leave current repo as is (and probably removed it soon) and start new repo for existing version. I could do that, as I don’t care about version earlier than the one I’m currently using. This is short how-to:

  1. Push all changes and remove .git folder
  2. git push origin master
    rm -rI .git
  3. Rename existing repo
  4. Settings > Repository name > RENAME

  5. Start new repository using old repo name
  6. Don’t need to create any files as all already exists.

  7. Init your local repo and add new remote
  8. git init
    git remote add origin
  9. Commit changes and push
  10. git add --all . && git commit -m "fresh" && git push origin master

Doing so, my new repo size is below 1GB, which is much better compared to 5GB previously.